B) Increasing the ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development, in a manner that does not threaten food production.

C) Making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient developments.

The Agreement also sets out the importance for 'nationally determined contributions' (NDC) that outline what steps countries should take in order to achieve these commitments. According to the Agreement these should be presented every five years, with each successive NDC to be more ambitious than the one that precedes it. In connection with this, the Agreement sets out the need for a 'global stocktake', allowing the implementation of the Agreement to be reviewed every five years, and takes the form of a collective analysis of what has been achieved and what still needs to be done to realise the objectives of the Agreement.

This is an historic document that sets out a clear collective ambition for tackling global climate change. And to that degree it is something to be welcomed, and it sets out a minimum of what we would like to see adopted in Bermuda.

Bermuda is already obligated under the Kyoto Protocol (which Bermuda ratified in 2008) to:

- Prepare national inventories of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions;

- Implement measures to mitigate climate change;

- Promote and cooperate in the development, application and diffusion, including transfer, of technologies, practices and processes that reduce GHG emissions;

- Preserve sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases;

- Cooperate in preparing for adaptation in research on climate change;

- Exchange information related to climate change;

- Promote and cooperate in education, training and public awareness related to climate change; and

- Report information related to the above in national communications.

Greenrock welcomes the Paris Agreement and encourages the Government to act on its obligations under the Kyoto Protocol in light of this Agreement.

Bermuda's contribution to global warming may be negligible compared to large industrialised and industrialising nations, however this does not mean that we should not act. Indeed, according to a 2011 report from the Department of Energy, Bermuda's per capita GHG emissions are double the world average and significantly above the UK average. Additionally, while small island developing states contribute the least to global emissions, they suffer disproportionately from the effects of global climate change.

Despite the historic nature of the Paris Agreement, it is disappointing that it does not contain the legally binding targets and structures that are required to actually achieve the ambitions set out in the Agreement. 

Greenrock supports the ambitions outlined in the Agreement, and calls on the Bermuda Government to honour its obligations under the Kyoto Protocol, as well as to build on the targets set out in the 2011 White Paper on Energy, which pledged to lower our GHG emissions to 30% below 2008 levels. We also need plans in place to mitigate the effects of climate change on our islands economy, infrastructure and land.

The Paris Agreement is historic. However, it's only the start, and it's up to all of us to make sure the ambitions it outlines becomes reality. We all have a role to play as individuals, in our private lives, and in encouraging the Government to take action on its moral and other obligations regarding climate change.



About Greenrock

According to The Footprint Network, which measures the ability of the planet to produce resources and absorb waste, our resource use and waste production is 60% more than the earth can produce or absorb annually.

This overshoot is the result of decisions that we each make every day. We seek to generate debate and to influence people to change their behaviour.We strive to be catalysts: Success for us is when we can Change the Mindset so that sustainable use of resources is included in decision-making for individuals, government or businesses. ... read more

Where to find Us

Suite 324, 48 Par-La-Ville Rd,
Hamilton HM11, Bermuda

Telephone: 1-441-747-ROCK (7625)
Email: info@greenrock.org
Website: www.greenrock.org